UPDATED: May 5, 2020
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|OHIO STATISTICS SUMMARY||DETAILS|
|Miles of Roadway||122,926|
|Vehicles Registered in State||10,152,367|
|Most Popular Vehicle||Honda Civic|
|-||State Rank: 22|
|Driving Fatalities in 2018||Speeding: 290|
|Annual Insurance Costs||Liability: $397.11|
|-||Full Coverage: $788.56|
If you are passing through the beautiful Ohio state, there’s one thing the majority of residents seem to have agreed upon — Honda Civics. So it’s easy to say Ohioans are an environmentally conscious bunch.
But what about car insurance coverage and rates? What’s the consensus on that? And how does one sift through all the available information and make a well-informed decision for their families?
No need to be overwhelmed any further — we’ve got you covered. In this article, we’ll be looking at some of the most affordable rates and best companies for the Ohio region, as well as state coverages, laws, and more.
Ohio Car Insurance Coverage & Rates
Before we dive into which factors affect your rates and which companies are best, let’s examine a few basics.
Ohio Minimum Coverage
|Bodily Injury Coverage||$25,000 per person
$50,000 per accident
|Property Damage Coverage||$25,000|
Liability insurance covers any damage attributed to the driver in the event of an accident. Bodily injury insurance typically pays for the other person’s medical expenses, while property damage typically pays for repairs for another person’s vehicle.
Thus, the minimum insurance coverage Ohio requires from its residents to be on the road is
- $25,000 – insures injury/death of one person
- $50,000 – insures injuries or death of persons
- $25,000 – insures property damage
Keep in mind that this is simply the minimum. The Insurance Information Institute recommends a minimum of at least $100,000 of liability insurance per person and a total of $300,000 liability insurance per accident.
[Ohio’s] coverage is about average compared to other states’ requirements, but it’s always wise to buy more than the minimum — especially in an at-fault state like Ohio.
Furthermore, Ohio is considered an “at-fault” car accident state. This means simply that the person responsible for causing the accident becomes responsible for compensation to the other party that incurred harm as a result of the crash.
You break it, you buy it.
Don’t worry, we’ll be comparing companies and rates below to get you insured in no time.
Thus, it’s always wise to purchase more than the minimum, especially since Ohio is an at-fault state and if one damages a luxury vehicle, for instance, they would be paying the remainder of the money out of pocket.
Let’s look at the forms required by the state that references the driver’s ability to pay for damages in the event of an accident.
Forms of Financial Responsibility
Under Ohio law, drivers are obligated to carry car insurance or additional proof of financial responsibility to be considered insured in the state.
Ohio requires drivers to show financial responsibility for any potential car accident by purchasing a bond, posting collateral, or buying liability car insurance.
- An auto liability insurance policy.
- A surety bond of $30,000 issued by an authorized surety or insurance company.
- A certificate issued by the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) indicating that money or government bonds of $30,000 is on deposit with the Treasurer of the State
- A certificate issued by the BMV showing a bond secured by real estate having equity of at least $60,000.
- A certificate of self-insurance issued by the BMV that is available to those with more than 25 vehicles registered in their or a company’s name.
But while proof of auto insurance is mandated, this does not stop individuals from driving without insurance.
Failure to provide the necessary documentation for your insurance could result in the following in the state of Ohio:
- Suspension of driver’s license (for up to 90 days and up to a full year for a repeat offense)
- Impoundment of your vehicle
- Reinstatement fees ($75 to get your driver’s license back, up to $500 for a repeat offense)
- The requirement to show proof of compliance with insurance/financial responsibility laws
So be sure to always carry proof of insurance, deposit, or bond while operating your vehicle. And for those who are tech-savvy, Ohio is one of the states, as of April 2018, allowing drivers to use an electronic copy of their insurance card in the event they are stopped on the road.
Premiums as a Percentage of Income
An individual’s income per capita is the money they have left over to save or spend post taxes. In 2014, the annual per capita for an individual in Ohio was $37,490.
Since Ohio drivers pay roughly $766.66 on average, that means that roughly 2.04 percent is spent on car insurance of their annual income.
It seems pretty affordable, right?
A tad bit more than its neighbor Indiana; however, residents nearby in Pennsylvania, New York, and West Virginia spend hundreds of dollars more on car insurance each year.
Since various factors attribute to one’s income, here’s a calculator to help you determine what percentage of your car insurance is of your monthly income.
Average Monthly Car Insurance Rates in OH (Liability, Collision, Comprehensive)
|Coverage Types||Annual Cost (2015)|
This data provided by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners displays the average rate for each type of coverage in the state of Ohio.
According to the National Association of Insurance Commissioners’s most recent auto insurance reporting, the U.S. average premium cost was $1,009 in 2015 — whereas Ohioans paid around $200 cheaper at $789.
Since then, the national average of premiums has increased.
The good news is Ohio drivers pay much less than most other drivers around the nation. On average, Americans pay $1,311 per year for their auto insurance, while Ohio drivers pay on average about $843 per year.
The average rate for car insurance in Ohio is $843, the second-lowest on a national average.
Pretty sweet right? Especially compared to its neighbor Michigan, which pays almost three times as much for car insurance. Thus, living in the state of Ohio has its perks when it comes to car insurance (in case you were thinking about relocating to the Northcentral region).
And seeing that this is simply an average, there might even be lower rates for your family in the Buckeye state — keep reading to learn more.
When you are involved in a car or truck accident, you are likely to fare better if you stick with a company that has a higher pay loss ratio.
A loss ratio shows how much a company spends on the types of claims to how much money they take in on premiums.
Let’s look at an example.
Say we have a loss ratio of 60. Sixty percent indicates the company spent $60 on claims out of every $100 earned in premiums. The closer the ratio is to 100, the more claims that are paid. So a 60 – 70 loss ratio is considered to be in the safe zone.
Now let’s take a look at the graph below for the state of Ohio.
|Medical Payments (MedPay)||81.76%||78.69%||78.67%|
|Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Coverage (UUM)||58.91%||56.67%||54.71%|
MedPay and uninsured/underinsured car insurance are two more insurance add-ons that anyone can purchase to bulk up their policy. While the loss ratio numbers for Ohio’s uninsured/underinsured coverage is a little on the lower side, it is still within a safe range.
That’s why a higher loss ratio is important when looking for a new provider, so be sure to add this to your list of must-haves when looking for new providers.
Add-Ons, Endorsements, & Riders
Since we’ve started, we’ve discussed insurance and several add-ons like MedPay and uninsured motorist coverage. There are still other options and we want to make sure you’re informed as much as possible when making your decision.
With that in mind, here are some other types of insurance that might be helpful for you and your family. Click on the links below to see if any additional coverage appeals to you.
- Guaranteed Auto Protection (GAP)
- Personal Umbrella Policy (PUP)
- Rental Reimbursement
- Emergency Roadside Assistance
- Mechanical Breakdown Insurance
- Non-Owner Car Insurance
- Modified Car Insurance Coverage
- Classic Car Insurance
- Pay-As-You-Drive or Usage-Based Insurance (check for state-specific laws)
Average Car Insurance Rates by Age & Gender in OH
While many factors go into calculating your rate, your age, gender, and marital status are among some of the top factors.
Statistically, women tend to get into fewer accidents, have fewer driver-under-the-influence accidents (DUIs) and — most importantly — have less serious accidents than men. So all other things being equal, women often pay less for auto insurance than their male counterparts.
But are females in Ohio paying less than their male counterparts? Let’s take a second and look at the chart below (feel free to sort the data for your particular circumstance).
|Company||Married 35-year old female annual rates||Married 35-year old male annual rates||Married 60-year old female annual rates||Married 60-year old male annual rates||Single 17-year old female annual rates||Single 17-year old male annual rates||Single 25-year old female annual rates||Single 25-year old male annual rates|
|American Family Mutual||$1,958.34||$1,958.34||$1,787.39||$1,787.39||$7,444.49||$10,177.95||$1,958.34||$2,631.93|
Men do pay more than women in the state of Ohio for car insurance, sometimes as near as a thousand dollars.
Keep in mind when looking at this chart that this data is based on actual purchased coverage by the state population and includes rates for high-risk drivers and those who choose to purchase more than the state minimum as well (such as those not required, like uninsured/underinsured motorist, PIP, and MedPay).
But don’t worry, we’ll be getting to some cheap alternatives in your state in no time.
Here’s a helpful video explaining how one individual found discounts that helped him save money on his car insurance every month. Why don’t you check it out?
And just to reiterate, there are numerous amounts of discounts one may be eligible, for similar to the video, that would be sure to save you some cash. Every little bit helps, right? If you haven’t selected an insurance company already, be sure to remind yourself to ask them what discounts you are indeed eligible for.
You don’t want to miss this. Next, we’ll be taking a look at the cheapest rates by zip codes as you could discover cheap rates located near you!
Cheapest Rates by City
We’ve broken down the cheapest rates by city.
Drivers in rural areas generally pay less than drivers in urban areas. Rural areas have fewer cars on the road, so costs for insurers are lower because there are fewer accidents, claims, and thefts.
It isn’t a surprise that rural cities like Benton Ridge and Old Fort pop up in the top five cities with the cheapest rates, as they both have a population of fewer than 300 persons. And as mentioned before, drivers in rural areas generally pay less than those in urban areas.
As far as the most expensive rates go, both Toledo and Youngstown appear on the list; understandably so as both fall in the top ten most populated cities in Ohio, where rates are most likely higher. Graveport is also among the top expensive cities by rate and it only has a population close to 6,000 persons–it’s highly likely that neighboring Rickenbacker airport has an affect on its higher rates.
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Best Ohio Car Insurance Companies
Finding the right car insurance company is hard. And some may not have been successful in their first or even second attempt. We’re here to help.
We’ve heard from the experts on the matter. In the following sections, we’ll take a look at ratings for insurance companies, including your opinions, the cheapest companies (we know you’ll love this), as well as other rates as affected by various factors like driving record, credit history, and more.
The Largest Companies’ Financial Rating
Measuring a company’s financial rating is significant in that it proves how great a company’s financial strength is. Let’s look at the chart below.
|COMPANY||AM BEST RATING||DIRECT PREMIUMS WRITTEN||MARKET SHARE|
State Farm emerges as the top insurer with 19.69 percent of the market share. Progressive and Allstate also had large market shares, 13.5 percent and 10.29 percent, respectively.
In general, financial ratings prove the good standing of a company. This would also help assess if they were on a verge of a bankruptcy, which is why you’d want to make sure you’d consider this.
Here comes the moment you’ve probably have been wondering — what other’s experiences with the insurance companies in your state were. Because while data and other factors generate reports, your voice matters and is considered a valuable variable, as well.
Companies with Best Ratings
According to J.D. Power, customer sanctification plays a huge role in determining the best insurance companies. Here’s what you said about the insurance companies for the NorthCentral region last year.
Auto-Owners Insurance was ranked highest across five states including Ohio, except for USAA, who only serves military members and their families and was thus not considered in the rankings.
And in case you aren’t familiar with them, check them out here.
Companies with Most Complaints in Ohio
There are always complaints out there, but whenever you have the good, the bad should also be considered, as well. This isn’t to say a company is known for its complaints — but how they handle those complaints, that’s what matters most.
Check out the data below — these companies are the top companies in the state with the most complaints.
|Top Providers of Car Insurance (Ohio)||National Median|
|Company Complaint Ratio 2017||Total Complaints (2017)|
You may be wondering what a complaint index is. A company with a complaint index of one has an average number of complaints. Anything higher indicates a company has more complaints than average. An index of 0.0 (zero) states no complaints were received for the company — always better than average.
Customers seemed to have less to say about companies like USAA, Geico, and Liberty, who had complaint ratios near zero, while companies like American and Progressive led with a higher amount of complaints despite their acute loss ratios.
Keep in mind that this is just in 2017 — some of these companies could have improved their complaint index since them.
Feel free to sort the table to see what your counterparts had to say about these companies.
Cheapest Companies in Ohio
Here are the cheapest companies in Ohio. Check out the chart below.
While everyone likes to save money, sometimes buying cheap car insurance may not be the wisest option for many drivers.
Commute Rates by Companies
Did you know that your commute time can also affect your rates? Curious to see how? Check out this chart below.
|Company||10 Miles Commute, |
6000 Annual Mileage
|25 Miles Commute,
12000 Annual Mileage
Most companies, like Allstate and Traders, seem to give their drivers a break when it comes to commute rates, whereas companies like American and State Farm seem to be on the stricter side.
With that in mind, commute distance does not affect your rates as much as some other factors.
Coverage Level Rates by Companies
Everyone loves lower coverage. Who doesn’t? Keep in mind, however, that in the event of a serious accident, higher coverage is a better route to take.
|Company||Annual Rates with Low Coverage||Annual Rates with Medium Coverage||Annual Rates with High Coverage|
While companies like State Farm and USAA offer a low rate for low coverage, they are among the leading companies when it comes to penalizing users for extending that coverage. If you go with Progressive, not only will you have a low rate, but it’ll also benefit you to extend your coverage.
Credit History Rates by Companies
Your credit score is like the doorway that opens up new opportunities for cars, homes, loans, and more. It is also a factor insurance companies determine when charging you a premium.
|Company||Annual Rates with Good Credit||Annual Rates with Fair Credit||Annual Rates with Poor Credit|
Companies like Travelers, Progressive, and Farmers rarely penalize their customers for having bad credit, while companies like Liberty Mutual and State charge nearly double.
Driving Record Rates by Companies
Insurance rates are determined by many factors, and driving behavior is just one – but it’s one you control the most. Drivers with squeaky-clean records get some of the lowest rates, so shoot for those good-driver discounts.
If you are a safe driver and avoid penalties like a ticket or DUI, your car insurance could be relatively cheaper than other residents in the state.
Here’s a chart that shows driving record rates by companies.
|Company||Clean Record||1 Speeding|
|1 Accident||1 DUI|
According to the data, companies like Travelers and Geico nearly double your rate if you develop a bad record, while companies like American and Progressive do not.
Largest Car Insurance Companies in Ohio
Here are the 10 largest car insurance companies in Ohio.
|Company||Direct Premiums Written||Market Shares|
Again, we see State Farm as the top insurer in Ohio, while Progressive and Allstate also had large market shares.
Number of Insurers in Ohio
Domestic insurance is formed under state laws while foreign insurance is formed under laws that apply to every state in the U.S. In the state of Ohio, there are 138 domestic insurers and 851 foreign insurers, totaling nearly 1,000 insurers.
Laws vary from state to state and it’s beneficial to know which laws are in your state to ensure you drive to your safest ability. Let’s take a look at laws particular to Ohio to keep you well informed and educated about the state.
Car Insurance Laws
As we’ve covered in previous sections, one must have the minimum liability coverage (25/50/25) for your car. We’ve also previously covered several penalties as a result of the failure to provide such.
In Ohio, it is illegal to drive any motor vehicle without insurance, and it is illegal for a vehicle owner to allow anyone else to drive his or her motor vehicle without insurance.
So not only is it illegal not to have car insurance, but it’s also illegal to not have forms of financial responsibility present as an alternative to the minimum liability coverage.
Let’s dive deeper.
How State Laws for Insurance are Determined
Each state has laws to ensure the safety of all individuals on the road.
All states require a demonstration of financial responsibility to operate a vehicle. Most states require this to be in the form of liability insurance purchased from an insurer. The required limits vary by state.
You would think with how cold Ohio gets that there would be some coverage regarding cracked windshields. However, at the moment there are none and drivers are responsible for repairing these damages on their own, unless they are covered under comprehensive insurance.
Do a quick search or ask your insurer if they offer options for windshield coverage.
High-risk insurance is categorized for individuals with a bad driving record or poor credit, for example, who have a hard time obtaining insurance through more commercial parties.
High-risk drivers in the Buckeye State who can’t find an insurer to cover them in the standard voluntary market can seek an alternative like the Ohio Automobile Insurance Plan (OAIP) that will provide them with auto insurance.
Keep in mind that if you have high-risk insurance your premium may be higher — however, that’s still better than having no insurance. Some companies won’t cover you if you are a high-risk driver.
You might also be required to get SR-22 insurance, which we’ve mentioned before as a financial form of responsibility. SR-22 insurance is considered high-risk insurance that you must carry in Ohio for a minimum of three years.
Currently, Ohio does not have a low-income insurance plan. Only California, Hawaii, and New Jersey help low-income families pay their car insurance.
However, as stated earlier, you may be eligible for certain discounts by law if you are a veteran or a student, for example.
Here’s a video below outlining discounts for teens and the proper documentation required for that particular circumstance. See any commonalities?
Automobile Insurance Fraud in Ohio
Insurance fraud is where individuals provide falsified information on their applications to obtain lower rates or even present false claims to be compensated for an “incident.”
In Ohio, any fraudulent insurance claim with a value of over $1,000 will be prosecuted as a felony.
If one is prosecuted, penalties range from thousands of dollars in fines, the loss of a business license, and even worse, up to five years incarcerated if found guilty.
There are so many affordable rates and companies out there that are willing to help you find the lowest rate. If you enter your zip code in the box below, you can start today.
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Statute of Limitations
The statute of limitations is used to set the maximum time after an event in which legal proceedings may be initiated.
You can read the statute of limitations in Revised Code Section 2305.10. Under this section, any lawsuit based on personal bodily injury, product liability, or damage to personal property must be brought within two years from the date the cause of action accrues.
So in the event of the accident, be sure to begin your filing process, as cases are often prolonged for turn-arounds depending on the office of the company who is handling your case.
Each state has laws specific to their region. You can learn more about Ohio state laws here.
Vehicle Licensing Laws
Let’s find out about Ohio’s licensing requirements for various populations.
REAL ID is a coordinated effort by the states and the Federal Government to enhance both the reality and accuracy of state-issued identification documents. Ultimately, this should inhibit terrorists’ ability to avoid detection by utilizing fraudulent identification.
Ohio is compliant with the REAL ID Act. Federal agencies can accept driver’s licenses and identification cards from Ohio at Federal facilities and nuclear power plants.
If you are wondering how the REAL ID will impact you, the Department of Homeland Security has tons of information to get you squared away.
Penalties for Driving Without Insurance
You cannot separate laws from their consequences; they go hand in hand, which is why this section will be of extreme importance to you. We’ve mentioned penalties for driving without your insurance, but just to refresh your memory, we’ll outline those again.
- License/plates/registration suspension until requirements are met and $100 reinstatement fee is paid; maintain special high-risk coverage on file with the BMV for three to five years; if involved in accident without insurance: all above penalties and a security suspension for two-plus years and an indefinite judgment suspension (until all damages are satisfied)
- License/plates/registration suspension for one year; $300 reinstatement fee; maintain special high-risk coverage on file with the BMV for three or five years; if involved in an accident without insurance: all above penalties and a security suspension for two-plus years and an indefinite judgment suspension (until all damages are satisfied)
So as you can see, it’s better to always have proof of your insurance and to drive insured. But with so many available options, there are plenty of options to choose from.
Teen Driver Laws
Teens must follow all driving laws, as they have the potential to save lives.
Between 2103 – 2017, 1,932 drivers aged 15 – 17 years old were killed in crashing involving teen drivers.
Ohio uses a multi-stage licensing process for teens. This system allows teens to gradually gain exposure to complex driving situations, easing them into driving over an extended period of time.
Let’s take a good look at these stages.
- Temporary instruction permit
- Probationary license
- Full license
If a probationary license holder under age 17 is convicted of a moving violation that occurred during the first six months of license issuance, they will only be allowed to drive with a parent or guardian for the next six months or until age 17, whichever comes first.
A temporary instruction permit or probationary license can be suspended for up to one year if the teen is convicted of multiple moving violations or any alcohol-related offense.
Ohio’s underage consumption law makes it illegal for a driver under age 21 to drive with a blood alcohol content level of .02 or greater.
Older Driver License Renewal Procedures
Each state has its own renewal process.
[In Ohio] a driver license that is current or expired less than six months can be renewed at any deputy registrar license agency at any time before the expiration date.
Let’s expound upon this.
- Renewed more than 90 days before expiration, the license will expire in three years.
- Renewed within 90 days of expiration, the license will expire in four years.
- Drivers turning 21 cannot renew more than 30 days before their birthday.
Be sure to take care of that, because if your driver’s license is expired more than 60 days in Ohio, you would have to start the entire process of obtaining a permit and all the necessary testing over before you can be on the road again.
But what about new residents? According to ohio.gov, within 30 days of establishing residency, you will need an Ohio driver’s license for yourself, and an Ohio title and license plates for your vehicle.
Here are the necessary documents needed:
- Full legal name
- Date of birth
- Social security number (if assigned)
- Ohio residency
- Citizenship or legal presence
Don’t forget to contact your insurer and remind them you are in a different state and need Ohio insurance so you can be properly covered.
License Renewal Procedures
Here’s a quick video showing you the procedure from start to finish in getting your license renewed. Take a look.
Notice how the forms must be completed in-office, contrary to some states that have electronic ways for applying.
Negligent Operator Treatment System (NOTS)
States like California have a point system for individuals who recklessly drive without regard to another individual or individuals. But what about Ohio? How do they keep track of individuals who are a willful danger on the road?
In Ohio, a person can be convicted of “reckless operation” (also called “reckless driving”) for operating a vehicle “in willful or wanton disregard of the safety of persons or property.”
This displays the state’s intent to keep you and your family safe from others on the road. Here are the penalties in Ohio for reckless driving according to Driving Laws by NOLO:
- No prior traffic convictions. When a motorist has had no prior motor vehicle or traffic convictions within the past year, reckless operation is a minor misdemeanor. The maximum punishment for a minor misdemeanor is a $100 fine — jail time isn’t a possibility.
- One prior traffic conviction. Reckless driving is a fourth-degree misdemeanor if the driver has been convicted of one motor vehicle or traffic offense within the past year. A fourth-degree misdemeanor carries up to 30 days in jail and/or a maximum of $250 in fines.
- Two prior traffic convictions. If a driver has been convicted of two or more motor vehicle or traffic offenses within the past year, reckless driving is a third-degree misdemeanor. Convicted motorists face up to 60 days in jail and/or a maximum of $500 in fines.
Furthermore, a judge can suspend a license between three months to six years for reckless driving.
A few other offenses exist within the state of Ohio regarding reckless driving:
- Operation without reasonable control. Similar to reckless driving with less-severe penalties (convicted motorists don’t face the possibility of license suspension, for example).
- Vehicular assault. When a driver causes “serious physical harm” to another while operating a vehicle in a reckless manner. This offense is typically a fourth-degree felony and penalties involve six to 18 months jail time, near $5,000 in fines, and a one- to five-year license suspension.
Be careful and encourage others to do the same whenever operating a vehicle.
Rules of the Road
Overwhelmed? Don’t be. That’s what we’re here for, to digest a lot of this information for you so you can make the best-informed decision and walk away feeling confident as ever.
Every state differs when it comes to rules on the road. This particular section will cover important information on speed limits, car seat laws, and more.
Fault vs. No-Fault
As stated before, Ohio is a “fault” state. A driver is responsible for damages incurred by the opposing party in the event of a crash — this differs from a “no-fault” state where drivers have insurance to cover their own injuries and damages.
States like Michigan, New York, Kentucky, and Kansas are all “no-fault” states.
Let’s move on.
Seat Belt & Car Seat Laws
In Ohio, you will be fined for not being properly secured in your seat belt when the vehicle is in operation.
Ohio’s child passenger safety law is defined in Ohio Revised Code 4511.81.
And as of October 7, 2009, children in Ohio are required to use belt-positioning booster seats once they outgrow their child safety seats until they are 8 years old, unless they are at least 4 feet, 9 inches or 57 inches tall.
Here’s a chart below that will break this down even further:
|Child's Age||Law Requirement|
|Children less than 4 years old or 40 pounds||Must use a child safety seat meeting federal
motor vehicle safety standards.
|Children less than 8 years old |
(unless they are at least 4 feet, 9 inches tall)
|Must use a booster seat.|
|Children 8-15 years||Must use a child safety seat or safety belt.|
And fines range from $25 – $75, so be sure to get a booster seat for your little one.
Keep Right & Move Over Laws
Ohio laws state that one must be in the right lane if driving slower, as the left lane is permissible only for faster drivers. Watch this video below to get a better idea of these Ohio designated laws. Enjoy.
NOLO helps us understand ways to honor the speeding laws in Ohio. Here are the three speeding laws:
- Basic speeding law – Motorists are required to drive at a safe speed on the road and alter that speed in alternative conditions, like on a snowy or rainy day, where one would most likely slow down to be safe from oil and black ice on the road.
- Absolute speeding law – This law will be violated if you go faster than the suggested speed limit by the state of Ohio (75 mph on rural freeways, 65 mph on rural expressways and urban freeways, and 55 mph on most other roadways).
- Prima Facie speeding law – Sometimes called “presumed limits,” these are speeds you can argue in court in case you were, for instance, going 25 – 30 mph in a school zone (instead of the suggested 20) if the school was indeed out and the coast was clear.
Don’t think these laws are simply out to get you. Recently, laws changed to accommodate drivers regarding speeding and gave regulators a tap on the wrist. Take a look at this.
Ridesharing refers to companies like Lyft and Uber providing transportation services. The technical term for those companies is Transportation Network Companies (TNCs).
These TNCs are now subject to new laws in Ohio because lawmakers recognized there was a gap in coverage when ridesharers had their app turned off. Specifics for TNCs in Ohio are outlined in chapter 3942 of Ohio’s revised code.
TNCs are required to be insured during this “gap” period just as they would be if they were driving for their personal use. Their insurance requirements differ, however, from the state’s minimum. Here are the requirements:
- $50,000 for bodily injury or death of a person,
- $100,000 for bodily injury or death of two or more persons
- $25,000 for property damage.
And along with this, drivers are also required to maintain a minimum coverage of $1 million for bodily injury or death of one or more persons and property damage.
The driver is insured when he accepts the ride to the point where the last rider left his vehicle, making up for the gap we talked about earlier. And as long as the driver is insured or the TNC itself, or both, there will be no penalties.
Automation on the Road
Automation is considered the use of a machine or technology utilized to administer a task previously carried out by a human. Driving-wise, this comes down to aspects such as cameras and sensors.
Ohio currently does not have automation laws, but they recently won a $17.8 million grant that would enable them to do more automation testing on rural roadways.
The lessons we learn in Ohio can have enormous benefits for the state and nationwide as we work to make our transportation system safer.
And if you’re in these counties, don’t worry, they’ll be a human driver in the car at all times unless otherwise noted. You’ll be notified by officials beforehand regarding testing regions.
If you’re just catching up, we’ve talked about some standard laws of the past as well as some futuristic ones including ridesharing and automation. But here are a few laws that commonly affect us and often threaten our safety — DUI laws, marijuana-impaired driving laws, and distracted driving laws.
However, thousands of people every year get penalized as a result of not obeying these laws. Let’s take a look together.
Here are a few basics regarding DUIs in Ohio.
|DUI LAW IN OHIO||DETAILS|
|Name for the Offense||Operating a Vehicle Under the Influence (OVI)|
|High BAC Limit||0.17|
|Criminal Status by Offense||1st-2nd first degree misdemeanors, 3rd misdemeanor, 4th in 6 years fourth degree felony, + in any time period third degree felony|
|Look Back Period||10 years|
But what happens if you break these laws? Here’s are a list of penalties for operating a vehicle under the influence.
|Number of Offense||ALS or Revocation||Imprisonment||Fine||Other|
|1st Offense||6 months minimum, but up to 3 years; 15 days before |
eligible for restricted driving privileges with IID
|3 days jail or 3 days DIP - 6 months(If court grants unrestricted |
driving privilege with IID, mandatory jail time suspended.)
|$250-$1075; license |
reinstatement fee $475
|6 points on driving record; up to 5 years probation,
optional treatment order, optional restricted plates
|2nd Offense||1-7 years; no driving privileges for 45 days||10 days jail or 5 days jail and 18 days house arrest with|
monitoring -6 months incarceration
|$350-$1625 +license |
reinstatement fee of $475
|up to 5 years probation, restricted plates required,
mandatory assessment and treatment, IID required, 90 day
vehicle immobilization for those registered to offender, 6
points on license
|3rd Offense||1-12 years; no driving privileges for 180 days||30 days jail OR 15 days jail and 55 days house arrest|
with monitoring - 1 year incarceration
|$350-$2750 +$475 |
license reinstatement fee
|up to 5 years probation, mandatory addiction program,
restricted plates required, IID required, possible
forfeiture of vehicle registered to offender, 6 points on license
|4th Offense||Felony charges|
Drunk driving is a serious crime. Just in 2017, Ohio had 333 deaths associated with drunk driving, making up 3 percent of the nation’s average. Having fun is not a crime, but being drunk behind the wheel is.
This leads to our next point — being impaired with marijuana has consequences, as well. Let’s take a look.
Marijuana-Impaired Driving Laws
Alcohol isn’t the only substance that can impair your driving. Marijuana also has adverse side effects and can impair one’s ability to focus and function while operating a vehicle. More than two nanograms of THC per se in your system could get you in some serious trouble.
In fact, any substance that impairs your driving can subject you to a penalty–something extremely important to keep in mind.
Distracted Driving Laws
Distracted driving is more than texting, although that ranks among the most prevalent of them all. In fact, in Ohio, there is a texting ban for all drivers.
In Ohio, distracted driving is “engaging in any activity that is not necessary to the operation of a vehicle and impairs, or reasonably would be expected to impair, the ability of the operator to drive the vehicle safely.”
Last October of 2018, a new law went into place giving officers the authority to issue tickets for any distracted driving — not just texting.
Driving Safely in Ohio
We’ve covered almost everything from rates and coverage to state and safety laws. But have you ever wondered how safe it is to drive in Ohio?
In this section, we’ll be covering vehicle theft, road risks, weather, commute time, and more. These are aspects that are good to know if one is driving on a road or highway in Ohio, especially daily.
Let’s take a look at vehicle theft.
Vehicle Theft in Ohio
Some vehicles are more popular than others when it comes to thieves. Below is a chart from 2017 which shows the top stolen cars in Ohio — take a look.
|Make/Model||Year of Vehicle||Thefts|
|Chevrolet Pickup (Full Size)||1999||579|
|Dodge Pickup (Full Size)||2005||297|
|Ford Pickup (Full Size)||2004||540|
|Jeep Cherokee/Grand Cherokee||2000||467|
The Dodge Caravan, Chevrolet Pickup, and the Ford Pickup were among the most valuable cars.
And here’s a list via city as well. Feel free to search for your city.
|CITY||MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT|
|Bath Township, Summit County||2|
|Brunswick Hills Township||2|
|Clay Township, Montgomery County||1|
|German Township, Montgomery County||2|
|Goshen Township, Clermont County||15|
|Goshen Township, Mahoning County||5|
|Jackson Township, Mahoning County||0|
|Jackson Township, Stark County||18|
|Madison Township, Franklin County||7|
|Madison Township, Lake County||2|
|Miami Township, Clermont County||19|
|Miami Township, Montgomery County||43|
|North College Hill||26|
|Perry Township, Columbiana County||0|
|Perry Township, Franklin County||2|
|Springfield Township, Hamilton County||48|
|Springfield Township, Mahoning County||4|
|Springfield Township, Summit County||28|
|St. Clair Township||0|
|Toledo4, 5, 6||745|
|Union Township, Clermont County||16|
|Valley View, Cuyahoga County3||6|
|Village of Leesburg||2|
|Washington Court House||10|
|West Chester Township||44|
Is it such a surprise that the most popular cities in Ohio — Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati — have the highest auto theft?
Road Fatalities in Ohio
Nobody likes to hear about road fatalities, but the fact of the matter is that they do happen. We have data that will be showing you factors that cause them, as well as places they happen most, and even which type of people are in them.
This data could be helpful to have at the forefront anytime you get in the vehicle.
Most Fatal Highway in Ohio
According to Geotab, the most dangerous highway in Ohio is highway I-71. This highway has an average of 18 fatal crashes per year and has been under construction since 1999.
Fatal Crashes by Weather Condition & Light Condition
Weather conditions can be the cause of fatal crashes, as well. Take a look at the chart below.
|Weather Condition||Daylight||Dark, but Lighted||Dark||Dawn or Dusk||Other / Unknown||Total|
According to the data, most weather-related instances in Ohio occurred under normal conditions (throughout the day) and during the rain (in both day and nighttime). It is interesting that winter conditions are extreme in Ohio; however, snow and sleet conditions had the lowest effect on fatal car crashes.
Fatalities (All Crashes) by County
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration displays data regarding all fatal crashes by county. We’ve input them in a chart below. Feel free to search your county here, as well.
|Van Wert County||7||4||3||5||4||24.71||14.13||10.6||17.75||14.18|
Fatal crashes do not have any discrimination between large cities like Cuyahoga and smaller cities like Franklin, which ranked the top deadliest counties, along with Hamilton and Montgomery.
Here are traffic fatalities.
Traffic fatalities in rural areas were nearly twice that of those in urban areas between 2008 – 2012, but have decreased in the last several years.
Fatalities by Person Type
|-||Light Truck - Pickup||105||89||104||99||92|
|-||Light Truck - Utility||121||130||130||135||145|
|-||Light Truck - Van||46||42||58||40||43|
|-||Light Truck - Other||0||2||4||4||0|
|-||Bicyclist and Other Cyclist||19||11||25||18||19|
Fatalities by Crash Type
The crash type displays fatalities caused by the type of accident. Knowing this information would be good to see which trends are occurring in your state.
|Total Fatalities (All Crashes)||989||1,006||1,110||1,132||1,179|
|(1) Single Vehicle||560||540||593||593||641|
|(2) Involving a Large Truck||131||130||167||123||164|
|(3) Involving Speeding||273||274||207||257||252|
|(4) Involving a Rollover||232||253||231||241||254|
|(5) Involving a Roadway Departure||590||625||658||670||670|
|(6) Involving an Intersection |
(or Intersection Related)
Five-Year Trend For the Top 10 Counties
Next, we have a five-year trend for the top 10 countries.
Fatalities Involving Speeding by County
Here we have counties that are more liable to have fatalities regarding speeding.
|Van Wert County||1||2||0||1||0||3.53||7.07||0||3.55||0|
Fatalities in Crashes Involving an Alcohol-Impaired Driver by County
And next, fatalities in crashes involving an alcohol-impaired driver, (BAC = .08+)
|Van Wert County||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
Teen Drinking & Driving
The legal drinking age in Ohio is 21.
Although drivers under 21 account for less than 10 percent of licensed drivers, they account for 13 percent of DUI-related fatalities in Ohio.
When illegal drinking is paired with driving, the consequences are dire. Teen drinking and drinking is a serious offense and even has a different blood alcohol content or BAC. For teens, this number is .02 percent, while adults 21 and over can have a BAC of .08 percent.
Here’s a chart of consequences for teens in Ohio when it comes to underage drinking.
|Penalty||First OVI/DUI||Second OVI/DUI|
|Jail||10 days to 1 year||Up to 1 year|
|Fine||$500 to $1,000||$350 up to $1,500|
|License Suspension||6 months to 3 years||1 to 5 years|
Keep this in mind: your insurance may be impacted if you are charged with drinking and driving and in some cases, your license won’t be renewed.
EMS Response Time
In 2017 alone there were 107,199 emergency calls. Emergencies are unfortunately a part of our everyday lives. EMS is usually faster in the city than in rural areas because the city has more resources.
Here’s a chart on EMS response times in Ohio.
|Location||Time of Crash to |
|EMS Notification |
to EMS Arrival
|EMS Arrival at Scene |
to Hospital Arrival
|Time of Crash to |
|Total Fatal Crashes|
|Rural||9 mins||11.43 mins||37.58 mins||53.65 mins||507|
|Urban||4.51 mins||6.69 mins||25.75 mins||35.87 mins||580|
Transportation in Ohio
Lastly, we’ll take a look at transportation in Ohio — how many cars on average do Ohioans have? And what about their commute time? And congestion? Let’s get started.
Chances are if you’re living in Ohio, your household has about two cars, possibly three, according to Data USA.
Also according to Data USA, the average Ohioan spends roughly 22.6 minutes commuting to work, a short average compared to busier states like California and New York. Furthermore, while they are still below the national average for longer commute times, roughly 2 percent have a super commute time of 90-plus minutes.
According to Census.gov, most people in Ohio drive alone, and public transportation is utilized less than carpooling.
And last but not least we have traffic congestion.
|URBAN AREA||2018 World Rank||HOURS LOST |
|COST OF CONGESTION |
|INNER CITY TRAVEL
Inrix states Ohio has four cities that rank high for traffic congestion: Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Toledo.
And that’s it!
Hopefully you found this guide and tools useful, regardless if you grew up in the Buckeye State, have relatives there, or are simply hoping to relocate yourself.
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